Setting up a pay-per-click campaign

A pound sign on a grey keyboardPay-per-click advertising (or PPC) can not only attract attention, but can go a long way towards converting interest into sales, as Simon Wicks reveals

"An appliances retailer noticed there were no adverts on Google with the keyword "air-conditioning units", so he created one," recalls Chris Lake of Econsultancy. "A big hotel chain had a breakdown, typed 'air-conditioning units' into Google and he ended up landing a £12 million contract. He only spent a few pennies on the ad."

While it is unlikely you will succeed on this scale, if you can put your business in front of a potential customer at the very moment they want to buy, your chances of making a sale increase dramatically. With the right blend of planning and initiative, pay-per-click marketing is a cost-effective way to boost your profits.

What is pay-per-click advertising?

"PPC ads are the 'Sponsored links' on search engine pages," Lake explains. "The companies listed here pay to appear under a particular search phrase, but they only actually pay when somebody clicks on their advert.

"You bid for position so, broadly speaking, if my PPC advert is more relevant or I offer more than you for a potential customer's click, my advert will appear above yours."

How much does PPC advertising cost?

Your PPC costs are likely to be driven by the competitiveness of your market, the value of your product and your regular marketing spend. The more competitive your market and the more expensive your product, the more you will have to pay to feature prominently in the listings.

The amount you want to pay per click, however, should be determined by your marketing budget and your online conversion rates. For example, if you normally set aside 10% of the retail value of the £100 shoes you sell for sales and marketing, you should stick to this.

If you know that one in ten visitors to your site will buy your shoes, that suggests you should pay £1 per click - which amounts to £10 for every sale, or 10% of the retail value of the shoes. In other words, stick to your budget.

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How to set up a pay-per-click campaign

"Before you start, think about what you want to achieve with PPC marketing," Lake counsels. "Are you trying to sell a product, drive traffic to your website or get subscribers for your enewsletter? Knowing your PPC goals will determine and which search phrases to bid on, and for how much.

"Then you just follow simple steps."

  • Work out your goals. Do you want to make more sales, encourage sign-ups, increase enquiries?
  • Decide which search engine to advertise with - Google AdWords and Bing Ads are the most popular. Sign up and create an account.
  • Select PPC keywords that reflect what someone would type into a search engine when looking for your product.
  • Set your bid for different keywords and select your daily, or monthly, budget.
  • Write your PPC advert and link to a relevant landing page on your website.
  • Watch closely.

"Think about the buyer's journey," advises Lake. They'll go from searching for something general to getting more specific in terms of makes, models and colours. This is when they're ready to buy, so bid more on specific phrases that maximise your chances of making a sale.

Tracking your PPC campaign

Using online tools from your search engine can help you to meet your marketing goals more effectively. Theywill enable you to see exactly where your visitors are coming from - whether that's from pay-per-click adverts, regular search engine listings or referrals from other sites.

Knowing which channels - and which PPC keywords - are successful will help you refine your approach and direct more resources towards methods that work for you.

"Once you hit on a successful formula for converting interest into sales, spend more," Lake urges. "Pay-per-click is like a supermarket putting fruit at the front of the store - you put the right thing in front of people at the right time," he concludes.

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