How to deliver a presentation
- 1 Prepare yourself mentally: remind yourself that you have a good presentation which people want to hear.
- 2 Familiarise yourself with the room, if possible: how many will attend the presentation, where will they sit in relation to you, where the presentation equipment is positioned.
- 3 Check your preparations: ensure your notes and visual aids are in order and any equipment is working.
- 4 Introduce yourself and explain your role.
- 5 Ask questions - for example, about their particular areas of interest - and adjust your presentation in light of the responses.
- 6 Start your presentation with an overview of its structure and the key points you intend to make.
- 7 Encourage questions; explain that you will try to answer them as they arise, but will postpone complex answers till after the presentation.
- 8 Cover the key points in turn; show visual aids only when relevant.
- 9 Speak clearly; concentrate on speaking slowly if you are nervous and use pauses for emphasis.
- 10 Project positive body language with a confident, open posture; smile.
- 11 Talk to the audience, not the images behind you when using a screen or projector: turn equipment off when not in use so the audience is not distracted.
- 12 Continually scan the audience, maintaining eye contact; watch for inattention, fidgeting and other signs of boredom.
- 13 Use questions and names to recapture attention and involve them.
- 14 Respond to the audience; be ready to change your approach in light of their degree of interest.
- 15 Finish the presentation with a summary of the key points; stress the benefits of taking action.
- 16 Provide any handouts after the presentation, when they can no longer distract the audience and may remind them of your message.
- 17 Deal with any remaining questions and ask for feedback
- 18 Establish the next step, and note any follow-up action required from you.
- check your preparations
- involve your audience and respond to them
- project confidence and enthusiasm
- maintain eye contact
- deal with questions immediately
- establish the next step
- worry about being nervous - use it as a source of energy
- read from a script
- speak too quickly
- provide handouts until after the presentation