OK, so you know that improving customer service is the best way to improve retention, drive referral and grow your brand. And you’re now ready to take an active step to improve how you look after your customers. But where do you start? Here are a few tips to help you achieve customer satisfaction.
Your customers may not have specific feedback when you ask for it, but if you leave the door open for comments you’re more likely to get a higher quality and a greater quantity of feedback.
Everyone in the organisation has an effect on what your customers say about you. So they deserve to know what customers say and understand how they can improve as individuals and as a team.
Using the words that the customer has actually said has a huge impact on those listening, because you get a real feel of who the customer is and why they said what they did; making it easier to respond effectively.
Customers expect you to respond to what they have said. Customers who have their problems resolved will tell four to six people about their positive experience. Your actions may range from simply saying “thank you”, to making actual changes to your product and service.
Now that you’ve taken action on feedback, you should tell customers what you have done and how it affects them. After all, you’ve taken a step to improve; which is really good news that a lot of your customers will want to hear about.
Eighty per cent of complaints received by an organisation are likely to have poor communication as their root cause. Your customer may have only left a simple bit of feedback but it’s an opportunity to bounce ideas off them and ask them about any areas for improvement.
Give them just a few quick questions to answer and maybe a comment box if they have something specific to add. This way you’re likely to get more responses, and customers will take more time over each answer, giving you better feedback.
If you have one central place to hold feedback it makes it easier to follow-up with customers and spot patterns in customer comments. For example, if you can see lots of comments on one particular problem you can quickly see how it has affected customer satisfaction.
You can tell how well your feedback system is working through recording the number of people feeding back, any common issues, how much of it is negative/ positive, and what actions have been taken as a result of feedback.
Feedback without a name is no less valid or valuable, so why force them to provide this information? This can influence their decision to give feedback and can affect their opinion of the company as well.
Kerry Morrow is Marketing Executive at Customer Sure which offers customer service software, including a free 30-day trial.
It was every mother’s nightmare. A call at 4am to say that our gap year daughter was seriously ill in some far flung foreign corner. There followed a confusing series of calls, or rather failed calls, from me to our daughter’s extremely capable travelling companion, during which I tried to follow their progress from rural Laos to Vientiane airport and then on to a hospital in Bangkok.
Having established just how ill the poor girl was, we booked a flight to Bangkok the following evening for me to join her. However, during a subsequent call to the hospital, I learned that her temperature had reached 43 degrees, and having worked that back into a more understandable, and terrifying, Fahrenheit reading, I decided not to wait 24 hours, but leave immediately.
But BA was not designed with frantic mothers in mind. I went onto their website, but having made my request, a message popped up telling me that I could not change my flight online less than 24 hours in advance.
So I called the customer services number provided on the website. As with so many call centres, you are politely told to press ‘one’ for this service, ‘two’ for that, and so on, and then that selection leads to further choices. Eventually I arrived at the final stage, only to hear another air-hostess voice informing me that, owing to unprecedented demand, they were unable to answer my call, and would I like to refer to their website? Aargh!
In such circumstances, patience is in thin supply. I dialled the number several times, always with the same result. I never got through. What is a passenger to do? Surely I won’t have been the first person ever to want to book or change a flight only a few hours ahead of the departure time? If the website cannot cope with same-day changes, why don’t they have a dedicated line (‘press nine for immediate departures’) to avoid this problem? I can (almost) excuse inadequate manning of phones for low value consumer goods, but for an expensive flight, where time is likely to be key, surely they could do a bit better?
For the record, I did manage to change my flight and I did get to Bangkok, and our daughter is now fully recovered. But another time I would like to find an airline that relieves rather than compounds the stress. Or maybe I’ll just forbid gap year roaming.
Alison Knocker is Operations Director at BHP Information Solutions, publisher of the Donuts.
Are your customer systems helping or hindering? What's your advice for keeping it personal?
Sorry, we are not prepared to serve you...
Not something you hear often at the moment. But it’s coming.
Several things struck me recently and they were all brought about by the magnificent example of the Massachusetts sisters, as reported by Helen Edwards at Passionbrand earlier this year. In essence, two sisters had returned an “incredible amount of items” through the store’s generous returns policy. The company, Value City Department Stores, simply could not afford to deal with them anymore, so the retailer drew the relationship to an end. “Given your history of excessive returns and chronic unhappiness with our service we have decided that this is the best way of avoiding any further problems with you.”
Now this is unusual, but for how much longer?
When you consider most aspects of our lives, we need a lot of good behaviour to get by. If I misbehave on an aeroplane then the airlines share information on me and I won’t be able to fly. If I can’t get car insurance I can’t drive, as insurers share information. Want a mortgage? You’d better hope your credit score is good, they’ll look. Renting: well, landlords now have a site where “problem” tenants are logged. How long will it be before someone sets up an “individual human behavioural log monitor thing”? All of our past misdemeanours, late payments and broken promises, all in one place. Ouch.
But for the most part at the moment, the customer is still king. And when companies get things wrong, they find their failures will be plastered over social media sites. Not good.
So why would a brand want to divorce a customer? Some things are obvious. If the company was, frankly, being taken for a ride – such as in the case of the sisters – then it makes perfect sense to cut its losses.
But protecting brand value in the longer term is also a motivator. After all, look at what it has cost Burberry in time and money to reposition the brand and shake off the chavs and football hooligans who’d ruined its premium image. Right now Cyprus is attempting to reposition itself as an upmarket family resort, playing down the Ayia Napa image of a party capital. You could argue both Cyprus and Burberry have taken action to “divorce” customers who threaten future brand value. It has certainly paid off for Burberry.
So which customers will be refused service next? I believe it’s not a long way off when serial “unfair” complainers and bloggers will find themselves with fewer and fewer choices of product and service. And if they do find someone who will “take them and their custom” they will pay a big premium. Financial Services already has this one covered! Big APRs for customers with poor credit histories.
So that’s my point. Many companies really are offering great service and value, and are really on top of customer relationships. I think, as customers, we all need to start considering how we deal with our selected favourite suppliers and companies. We really do need to start to value them more.
It will not be long before our track record is scrutinised in huge detail, and yes, we may get the call that says our custom is not wanted. How’s that going to feel?
Read more about problem customers in our article on An Awkward Customer.
According to B2B Magazine (Feb 2011), a negative customer review on YouTube, Twitter and Facebook can cost a company 30 customers. That’s a pretty scary statistic isn’t it?
Social media is a great way to send your marketing messages to a wide audience. Until you fall foul of a negative opinion, that is – and then it feels like there’s no place to hide.
Making a complaint used to mean writing a Mr or Mrs Angry letter to a company’s customer service department or returning to a store to demand a refund. It was largely a private interaction between two parties, unless you told a few friends or had a slanging match with the store manager and attracted a large crowd.
But now, even the opinion of just one person can be shared with hundreds or even thousands of other customers.
Such is the fear of negative online reviews that it’s probably one of the most common concerns that crop up when I discuss blogging and social media as part of a marketing plan with my clients. Nobody wants to risk their reputation or the possibility of losing or alienating customers because of a negative online review. But shying away from social media presents (potentially) an even greater risk — that of losing out on exposure to an audience that you may not otherwise reach.
It may feel like you don’t have full control of your brand — and it’s true, you don’t. Total control is history — the days of pushing out marketing messages and expecting your audience to simply listen and do what you want are long gone. What we have now is a two-way dialogue. And that’s priceless.
Online reviews give you instant access to your customers’ thoughts and feelings. You can get a good understanding of how customers perceive your brand/service/products, and ALL feedback — good or bad — provides a way of measuring success and ensuring continual improvement of your business.
If someone does leave a negative comment, don’t feel humiliated or upset. That’s easy to say and you probably will feel hurt for a while. But pick yourself up and look on it as an opportunity. Yes, really.
A customer has brought something to your attention — you may even not have been aware of it, so this is your chance to make a positive change about that element of your service or product. Show that you’re prepared to listen — offer a refund, replace a faulty item, do whatever is necessary to give your customer a sense of satisfaction. Be considerate and sincere in your response.
Get it right and you will actually build greater customer loyalty and trust. Others will see that you actually care about keeping your customers happy. And that negative will become a positive.
This morning I came across a negative review of a lettings agent in a particularly attractive part of London. It was left on Google Maps by a very disgruntled tenant in September 2010. The agent had written an excellent and well-considered response and I would have held it up as a textbook reply had it not been for the fact that it was written in April 2011 – seven months later! And so they committed the ultimate sin of not monitoring their reviews and not nipping problems in the bud.
Think about their business for a moment. If someone is looking to move into an area, the odds are they are going to Google local estate agents, so that one review will have been on display (in all its glory and unanswered) to all who were looking for rental property in that leafy corner of London. I’d lay bets on how many were completely turned off by that tenant’s opinion of the agent’s service – or lack of. For seven months!
This example demonstrates just how important it is to manage your reputation online. Always monitor the reviews you receive and act immediately on any that are negative. Post a reply and then take it offline to continue the dialogue and fully resolve the issue. If you’re lucky, that customer will then feel compelled to write a new review about the excellent customer service they have just received.
However bad it may be, do resist the urge to remove a negative online review. Customers will be suspicious of reviews that are nothing less than glowing. Follow my advice and even negative reviews will end up working in your favour.
Professional advisers still need to learn that customer is king.
Some accountants, lawyers, architects, bankers and financial advisers can let opportunities and profits slip through their fingers because they don't understand the basics of customer care.
They see themselves as technicians and just don’t get the basics of running a business.
First, I want my adviser to understand me. I am a person and I have very specific issues. Show an interest in me.
Second, I want my adviser to understand business.
Third, I want my adviser to understand my business. I have specific problems – problems that are specific to my industry, to my market and to the way that I run my business.
Fourth, I want swift action. The systems used by most competing advisers appear to be relatively similar, so I will accept whatever calculations or recommendations are made.
I want swift actions or, at a minimum, I want the answers to be there when promised… or to be offered a date when work will be completed. A little courtesy is all that I ask.
Fifth, I want to understand what I am paying for and I want to know how much I am going to pay, and when. Even better, let’s go for payment by results.
If an accountant or lawyer charges by the hour, then there's no incentive to work quickly.
Other professional service firms (architects, dentists, doctors) work to a price, so what’s the problem? Surely fixed price agreements would incentivise them to work more efficiently!
All I want is an adviser that understands me, understands my business, gives me decisions when promised and explains how they charge. Not much to ask, surely!
Read more in our dedicated section on customer service.
Customer waiting time and queues are an arithmetic certainty of service delivery. In the real world, even when you have extra staff available just in case demand builds up, queues will occur. It’s normal for shoppers to arrive in bunches and not in a steady flow.
Well-planned and well-managed queues are a healthy thing. They indicate a vibrant business that is successfully controlling the cost of delivering service to its customers and at the same time managing shoppers’ perceptions of their wait.
Whether there are only two people waiting or 42, the right mathematical methodology has to be used to determine how to serve customers as efficiently as possible and how to allocate service fairly.
You can see the impact of a well-managed queue on the faces of the customers and servers. They are relaxed, unstressed. Waiting customers look around them and take an interest in merchandise. The store receives fewer complaints and suffers lower staff absenteeism. A business without queues is either overmanned or lacking customers – or worse, both.
Every store has a strategic decision to make. Is operating cost more important than customer service? Cutting costs can mean that customers wait longer. On the other hand, if stores decide that service times are more important to their brand proposition than cost or if they know that because of the nature of their business customers will be less tolerant of waiting times, they will ensure that fewer customers have to wait, but they will also increase the cost of their operation and risk more times when staff are standing idle.
This dilemma can be resolved through lean queue management. By making wait times more acceptable, and by organising service allocation systems they can help to lower costs and reduce waste in the process.
Research by Professor Edward Anderson, “A Note on Managing Waiting Lines,” has shown that queue times are affected by many factors:
The voice of “cashier number three please”, Terry Green is heard over 30 million times every month in post offices, shops and banks throughout the UK. His voice and ideas have transformed the way the world queues.
We asked, what percentage of our lives do we spend waiting? The answer is 17 per cent. Congratulations to Tim Latham and Clare Evans (who got the answer spot on) who both win a copy of Terry Green's book.